Initially, the export price is usually set below the domestic price in the market of the exporting country, but then the foreign trade price increases, which occurs due to the additional cost of transportation, insurance, customs duties, and excises.
The following factors, as a rule, cause a significant increase in the import price in the foreign market for the exported goods.
Export price escalation factors:
- The cost of goods in the exporting country.
- Export cost before the goods arrive in the importer's country:
- expenses for the functioning of the export service;
- financing of export operations;
- loading and transport costs;
- insurance costs;
- consular fees (at the seaport, at the airport).
3. Import cost upon receipt of goods in the country of the importer:
- customs duties;
- expenses for guaranteed storage (storage in a customs warehouse);
- the cost of storage in a trading warehouse;
- salaries for sales staff.
The first group of export price escalation factors in the exporting country for export deliveries includes: production costs, including raw materials, labor, indirect costs, taxes, transportation costs in the exporting country, markup price premium, and insurance rate.
The second group of export price escalation factors is associated with the route of movement of goods from the country of the exporter to the country of the importer: transportation costs, insurance costs and customs duties, losses on the exchange rate, and currency conversion.
The third group of price-forming factors of export price escalation is in the importing country: transport costs, local taxes, excises, marketing costs in the market of the importing country, pricing policy of competing firms, storage costs, legal acts of local authorities regarding price regulation, the nature of anti-dumping legislation, and the level adopted in the local market prices.